How many people die each year by suicide?
In 2013, there were 12.6 suicide deaths per 100,000 of population in the United States. From 1986 to 2000, suicide rates in the United States dropped from 12.5 to 10.4 suicide deaths per 100,000 people, but the rate has generally increased ever since. Source: www.afsp.org
There were 41,149 deaths by self-harm (suicide) in the U.S. in 2013. Source: CDC.gov
What are the most common causes of death?
In 2013, firearms were the most common method of death by suicide. Guns account for 51.4% of all suicide deaths. The next most common method is were suffocation, which includes hangings at 24.5%. Poisoning is 16.1% Source: www.afsp.org
What is the demographic profile of people who kill themselves?
MIDDLE AGERS: In 2013, the highest suicide rate (19.1 per 100,000) was among people ages 45 to 64 years old.
OLD AGE: The second highest rate (18.6 per 100,000) occurred in those 85 years and older.
TEENS: In 2013, adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 24 had a suicide rate of 10.9 per 100,000.
GENDER: The suicide rate is four times higher among men than women. In 2013, men had a suicide rate of 20.2, while women had a rate of 5.5.
Of those who died by suicide in 2013, 77.9% were men and 22.1% were women.
RACE: In 2013, the highest U.S. suicide rate (14.2) was among Whites. The second highest rate (11.7) was among American Indians and Alaska Natives. For Asians and Pacific Islanders the rate is 5.8, Blacks (5.4) and Hispanics (5.7).
Is there a time of year where suicide rates are highest?
Late spring is the time of the year when the most people tend to kill themselves, and not the end of the year holiday season as conventional wisdom suggests. During the cold months of winter, people go into a kind of semi-hibernation, so they work less, connect with fewer people, and as a consequence experience less frustration and diminished conflict. In the spring, work increased and the resulting stress might – it is theorized – trigger suicidal thoughts and ultimately behavior. People working on farms or in a factory where there is greater seasonal variation of work and contact with people appear to be the most suceptible. Cubical office workers commit suicide more frequently in the fall. Mothers become more suicidal in September once they send their child(ren) off to school. Source: Slate.com
What causes depression?
Scientists aren’t clear on what causes depression. What is know is that depression is caused by a variety of factors, which can include a person’s genetic makeup, their biochemical environment, personal experience and psychological factors. In some people a lack of melatonin can trigger depression. This is known as seasonal affected disorder (SAD). A traumatic or terrible event in someone’s life can trigger depression. Source: MedicalNewsToday.com
Is depression curable?
Depression is thought not to be curable, but it is highly treatable with a variety of drugs and therapies.
Is suicide genetic?
A study from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health has discovered evidence that there is a specific gene that is linked to suicidal behavior. The research could help doctors to target the gene in prevention efforts. Source: ScienceDaily.com
Are suicidal warning signs always present?
Not always. However the signs can also be subtle and only obvious in hindsight. Source: suicideispreventable.org
Does suicide happen without warning?
There are usually warning signs well in advance of any attempted suicide including. Listen to what they say. Watch for new or change in behavior and observe their mood. Here are the warning signs that someone may commit suicide.
A person talks about:
- Killing themselves.
- Having no reason to live.
- Being a burden to others.
- Feeling trapped.
- Unbearable pain.
A person’s suicide risk is increased when a behavior is new or has increased, especially if it’s related to a painful event, loss or a change.
- Increased use of alcohol or drugs.
- Seeking a way to kill themselves (ie. searching online for information or methods).
- Behaving recklessly.
- Avoiding or withdrawing from activities.
- Isolating themselves from family and friends.
- Sleeping too much or too little.
- Visiting people or calling them to say goodbye.
- Gifting prized possessions to other people.
- Aggressive behavior.
People who are considering suicide often display one or more of the following moods.
- Loss of interest.
Which chronic illnesses are often paired with depression?
- Heart attack: 40%-65% experience depression
- Coronary artery disease (without heart attack): 18-20% experience depression
- Parkinson’s disease: 40% experience depression
- Multiple sclerosis: 40% experience depression
- Stroke: 10%-27% experience depression
- Cancer: 25% experience depression
- Diabetes: 25% experience depression